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henna – Balouch henna
9 August, 2020 0

Henna, a perennial shrub of the Lythraceae family, has thorny branches and whitish-gray bark. Its height reaches a maximum of 6 to 7 meters. The leaves are opposite, simple, leathery, entire, 2 to 3 cm long and 1 cm wide, elliptical and pointed. The leaf blade is seen with the side twisted downwards. The flowers are white or yellow or flower-colored, complex and in the form of numerous clusters, beautiful and have four sepals with two tubers, four petals with one tuber, at the junction of each petal to the receptacle and 8 flags, which are female after mating and Ripe turns into a fruit that is in the form of a box, a square, has a circular appearance and contains various pyramidal seeds.

Henna is grown in a large area of ​​Africa. It is also widely cultivated in Iran. Henna is native to hot and humid areas and is cultivated in the southern provinces of the country such as Balochistan.

Henna contains 7-8% tannin, 6% fat, 1.2% essential oil and 2-3% resin. 2 per thousand of a pigment can be crystallized. This substance, which crystallizes in the form of needle-shaped crystals and turns yellow-orange, is obtained from henna leaves. It is commonly used in dyes as an acid dye.

The part of henna used is its leaf, which is used whole or in a round shape. Powdered henna leaves are usually used alone or with a small amount of castor oil. Henna is used to dye hair, fingernails and toenails. To do this, pour some of it into a container and pour water on it, and after adding some spring orange juice, stir well to form a sticky paste. Then, by adding some water, it is diluted and rubbed into the hair. If 20 volumes of henna and oxygenated water are used intermittently to dye the hair, the hair and the henna dye will be light, and will have a beautiful fiery glow, this will be done in Africa and some other places.

Henna has been used more as a dye since ancient times. Henna nail painting, also known as “hanabandan”, is still seen in traditional ceremonies in some villages. Henna is of special importance to the Arab nations and is used in celebrations, weddings, and when there is a joyous occasion.

Henna is a traditional Oriental hair dye that has been used in Western countries in recent years and has also had benefits for people in the West.

Henna, like many plant dyes, promotes the growth and radiance of external body hair. In general, henna gives more bright red color to the hair. A variety of henna shades are available. When henna powder comes in contact with hot water, it becomes a smooth paste that is applied to the hair as a completely homogeneous paste by adding a little olive oil or egg yolk. Henna is especially suitable for oily hair and strengthens and improves them

forgives. It also restores the lost strength of the hair. If they want to reduce the redness of the henna color, they add some sage to it, and if they want to increase the redness, they mix some tea with it. Marigold petals are also used to wash and maintain hair transparency.

In some cases, henna leaves, peach leaves and tannin leaves are mixed with various plants and used to relieve eczema and prevent sweating of the hands and feet. Among Iranians, henna is also used to prevent sweating of the hands and feet and to eliminate its unpleasant odor. Henna is traditionally used as a remedy for cracks on the hands and feet, as well as as a repair and antifungal. In external use, it is used to treat some skin diseases such as leprosy and boils. It is also used to remove hair fungus. Among the villagers and farmers, henna paste is used to heal wounds and wounds, as well as to tighten the skin of the hands.

Henna in the form of a curtain prevents the effects of the sun’s rays on the skin of the body. In other words, lawsone, a dye derived from henna leaves, is mixed with a substance called dihydroxyacetone to make products such as lotions and creams that are rubbed onto On the skin, it blocks the effect of the sun’s rays on the skin of the body (like a curtain). This substance is used to create a brown color in the skin of the body (tanning the skin).

The needle-shaped crystals of yellow henna turn red if exposed to air and light, which is why if the container containing the henna powder is exposed to air and light, parts of it that are exposed to air and light will turn red. Reddened while the inside of the henna remains green. The dye of henna is “Lawson”, which is the only substance that does not do the coloring alone, but the henna leaf that contains this substance shows this effect.

Mixing henna leaves with black tea leaves Tanins catechiques on the surface of the hair.

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